Good practice in essential nutrition was found to be low, but a high level of knowledge and attitude were important predictors. In addition, good practice was associated with educational status, monthly income, and parity, place of birth, and postnatal care follow-up. However, the prevalence of key essential nutrition action messages was low. The good practices were not limited to education, and trained health workers provided additional information.


Phytonutrients are naturally occurring pigments found in plants that protect them from harmful UV rays and keep them healthy. They also aid in cell signaling and help neighboring cells exchange information faster. These substances have numerous benefits for the human body, and it is important to eat plenty of plant-based foods as part of a healthy diet.

Phytonutrients are found in most foods, including most fruits and vegetables. Among these are oats, rice, sorghum, wheat, and beans. Other foods high in phytonutrients include grapes, blueberries, and blackberries. Additionally, many tropical fruits and vegetables are rich in phytonutrients. Turmeric, for example, contains a substance called curcumin, which supports healthy joint and brain function.


Micronutrients are essential nutrients for our bodies and are the foundation of healthy life. Most of us get a sufficient amount of them from our diets, but there are people who are at risk for deficiencies. These micronutrients include vitamins and minerals that our bodies cannot produce. British sailors found out the hard way that a diet deficient in these nutrients could result in the life-threatening disease of scurvy, a disease characterized by listlessness and bleeding gums. While it is rare in the West, nutrient deficiency is prevalent in countries with low levels of income.

Micronutrients are grouped into four categories: water-soluble vitamins, fat-soluble vitamins, trace minerals, and antioxidants. Each one serves a different role in the body. They are essential for healthy growth and development, as they help to synthesize DNA and hormones, maintain metabolism, and prevent oxidative damage to the body’s cells.


Protein is a nutrient that is essential for human health. Insufficient intake of protein can lead to several health problems, including stunted growth and poor cognitive development in children. It can also lead to intestinal issues, reduced muscle synthesis and suppressed immune responses. It is important to note that the amount of protein your body requires depends on age and physical activity.

Protein is a macronutrient that is found in almost every body part and is the main building block of tissue. It makes up around 16 percent of your body weight and is necessary for growth and body maintenance. Protein is also a component of enzymes and hemoglobin, the substance that carries oxygen throughout the body. The human body contains about 10,000 different proteins.


Carbohydrates are essential nutrients found in foods that provide energy. ThereĀ are two main types of carbohydrates: simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are long chains of sugars that are bonded together. Complex carbohydrates contain starch and fiber and provide energy in the form of glucose. They are necessary for our bodies to function properly.

Carbohydrates are important because they provide the body with energy and dietary fiber. The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) recognizes their importance in a well-balanced diet, and recommends that carbohydrates should account for 55% of the total energy value of the foods we consume each day. Eating foods rich in carbohydrates can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, and obesity.


Water is a vital nutrient for the body, a necessity for life. It is a medium for most biochemical reactions in the body, particularly those that involve energy production. It also regulates body temperature and functions as a cushion between joints and the spinal cord and brain. There are many reasons why water is essential.

It helps with digestion, helps the body recover from metabolic processes, and helps maintain a healthy skin. Water also has many other health benefits. It is calorie-free and easily accessible. In addition, it helps the body replace fluids lost through metabolism, breathing, and sweating. It is also necessary for proper digestion and is the perfect zero-calorie beverage.